- 2023;23;E815-E822Effect of Ultrasound-Guided Rhomboid Interfascial Plane Block on Pain Severity, Disability, and Quality of Life in Myofascial Pain Syndrome – A Case Series With One-Year Follow-Up
Ozden Ozyemisci Taskiran, MD, Havvanur Albayrak, MD, Mahir Topaloglu, MD, Mete Manici, MD, Aysegul Ketenci, MD, and Yavuz Gurkan, MD.
BACKGROUND: Myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) is a condition characterized by trigger points in the taut bands of skeletal muscles, commonly affecting the trapezius, rhomboid, and supraspinatus muscles. Rhomboid intercostal block (RIB), an interfascial plane block used to assist perioperative analgesia might be a potential treatment option in MPS.
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the short and long-term effects of ultrasound-guided RIB in reducing the severity of pain, disability, and improving quality of life in MPS patients with trigger points in the rhomboid muscle.
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study.
SETTING: Physical medicine and rehabilitation outpatient clinic in a university hospital.
METHODS: Patients with a diagnosis of MPS who received ultrasound (US)-guided RIB between November 2021 and January 2022 were enrolled in this study. All patients reported pain lasting >= 3 months and severity >= 4/10 on numeric rating scale (NRS), without any comorbidities affecting the neuromuscular system. Trigger points in the rhomboid muscle were treated with US-guided RIB. Pain intensity was evaluated using a NRS at pre-treatment and one week, one month and one year after the injection. At pre-treatment, one month, and one year after treatment, self-administered neck pain and disability scale and Nottingham Health Profile were evaluated.
RESULTS: A total of 23 patients were included in this study (5 men and 18 women, with an average age of 45). Pain severity was statistically significantly reduced in approximately 90%, 60-70%, and 50% of the chronic MPS patients at the first week, first month, and first year following injection, respectively. Disability scores improved significantly in 70% and 56% of those patients at the first month and first-year follow-up. Improvement in the quality of life was observed at the first month and maintained at the first-year follow-up.
LIMITATIONS: The retrospective design of this study is a limitation. Due to the lack of a control group, this treatment option could not be compared with other treatments.
CONCLUSIONS: Our study demonstrated that RIB might be an effective long-term treatment option for MPS in the reduction of pain and disability, improvement of quality of life and overall patient satisfaction.
KEY WORDS: Myofascial pain syndrome, trigger point, pain, pain management, interventional ultrasound