- 2023;26;39-44Retrospective Analysis of Clinical Feature in Trigeminal Neuralgia
Ji Hee Hong, MD, PhD, Jae Yoon Lee, MD, Seung Ju Kim, MD, and Kyeong Hwan Seo, MD.
BACKGROUND: Trigeminal neuralgia (TN) is usually established using characteristic clinical features such as sudden, severe, and unilateral facial pain. Studies about diverse clinical features and epidemiologic data of TN have been reported previously; however, most of the previous studies have evaluated in and focused on Caucasian and Western populations.
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate diverse clinical features, currently applied types of treatment, and brain imaging studies in patients with TN in a Korean population.
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis.
SETTING: An interventional pain management practice in South Korea.
METHODS: Patients with a primary diagnosis of TN were identified using Clinical Data Warehouse v 2.5 (CDW, Planit Healthcare, Seoul, Korea) using the key words “trigeminal neuralgia and G50.0 (International classification of disease 10 code).”
RESULTS: TN occurred predominantly between the fifth and seventh decades of life, with female predominance. The V3 division and unilateral right-side involvement were the most common affected region. An electric shock like sensation and the intraoral side (teeth and gingiva) were the most common pain description and location, respectively. Normal brain imaging studies and vascular compression on the trigeminal nerve were observed in 92 (64.7%) and 36 (25%) patients, respectively. The superior cerebellar artery was the most common offending vessel (19;13.3%). Monotherapy with carbamazepine alone was the most common (91;37.7%), whereas radiofrequency thermoablation was the most common invasive treatment.
LIMITATIONS: The results of this study were based on data on TN patients from a single center. The generalizability of the findings to the Korean population is thus limited.
CONCLUSION: There is little difference between Korean and other Asian patients with TN in their demographic and clinical characteristics.
KEY WORDS: Brain imaging, clinical feature, electric shock-like sensation, intraoral side, trigeminal neuralgia, vascular compression