- 2020;23;E549-E558High-Voltage Intraarticular Pulsed Radiofrequency for Chronic Knee Pain Treatment: A Single-Center Retrospective Study
Tao Hong, MM, Shimeng Wang, MM, Yuanyuan Ding, MD, PhD, Guangxiao Li, MD, PhD, Zhenkai Han, MM, and Peng Yao, MD, PhD.
BACKGROUND: Intraarticular pulsed radiofrequency (IAPRF) for the treatment of painful knee osteoarthritis (KOA) is a less invasive treatment method. It has fewer adverse effects and can quickly reduce KOA-related pain and improve knee joint dysfunction.
OBJECTIVES: We compared the effectiveness of high- and low-voltage IAPRF for the treatment of chronic knee pain.
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective comparative study design.
SETTING: This study took place at Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University.
METHODS: A total of 57 patients with KOA who were hospitalized between July 2018 and July 2019 were randomly allocated into the high-voltage (n = 29) and low-voltage (n = 28) IAPRF groups. IAPRF was performed under the guidance of computed tomography (CT). Numeric Rating Scale (NRS-11), Oxford Knee Score (OKS), degree of pain relief, global perceived effect, and side effects at baseline and 1 week, 2 weeks, 1 month, 3 months, and 6 months after the procedure were recorded and analyzed.
RESULTS: NRS-11 scores decreased significantly in both groups after the procedure, but gradually increased after the 6-month follow-up period. There was a significant difference in NRS-11 scores between the 2 groups at all follow-up periods postprocedure. OKS were similar between the 2 groups. Patients with pain relief rate 50% or greater at 1, 3, and 6 months after the procedure accounted for 72.41%, 72.41%, and 55.17% in the high-voltage group, and 46.43%, 46.43%, and 28.57% in the low-voltage group, respectively. The difference between the 2 groups was statistically significant. No significant adverse reactions were observed in the 2 groups, however, patient satisfaction in the high-voltage group was significantly higher compared with patients in the low-voltage group.
LIMITATIONS: This study was a single-center retrospective study with a relatively small sample cohort and short follow-up period.
CONCLUSIONS: CT-guided high-voltage IAPRF is more beneficial in reducing knee pain and improving knee function compared with low-voltage IAPRF. In addition, patients who received high-voltage IAPRF were more satisfied with their treatment.
KEY WORDS: Pulsed radiofrequency, knee osteoarthritis, intraarticular, high voltage, Oxford Knee Score, Numeric Rating Scale