- 2021;24;E203-E210CT-Guided Posterolateral Full-Endoscopic Ventral Decompression for Single-Level Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy
Bing Ran, MD, Jun Yang, MD, Jun Wei, MD, XinRong Chen, MD, Qiong Zhong, MD, and Min Fu, MD.
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous full-endoscopic surgery was recently developed for the treatment of cervical foraminal stenosis and posterolateral disc herniation. However, there are no studies involving endoscopic surgery to treat cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM).
OBJECTIVES: To observe the safety, feasibility, and efficacy of posterolateral full-endoscopic ventral decompression (PLEVD) via computed tomography (CT)-guided surgery in patients with single-level CSM.
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective cohort study.
SETTING: The First Affiliated Hospital of Gannan Medical College.
METHODS: From May 2018 to August 2019, 21 patients with single-level CSM underwent CT-guided PLEVD. The posterolateral angle was measured during surgery. The neurologic condition was evaluated via the Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score and recovery rate, and a Visual Analog Scale (VAS) was used to measure pain relief. The maximum spinal canal diameter (MSCD) was measured on pre- and postoperative CT images.
RESULTS: The mean length of follow-up was 11.3 ± 5.3 months. The average posterolateral angle was 36.0° ± 5.6°. The mean VAS score of limbs significantly decreased after surgery. The mean JOA score improved during the follow-up period. Nineteen of the 21 patients achieved good or excellent outcomes, and 2 patients had fair outcomes according to the JOA score 6 months after surgery. The average MSCD was enlarged from 0.55 ± 0.15 cm preoperatively to 1.02 ± 0.18 cm postoperatively.
LIMITATIONS: This study was nonrandomized and provides only preliminary clinical results for single-level CSM.
CONCLUSION: Under appropriate indications, PLEVD under CT guidance is an available and safe technique for treating single-level CSM.
KEY WORDS: CT-guided, posterolateral, full-endoscopic, cervical spondylotic myelopathy